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HBD & slavery

Because intelligence can be defined as the ability to adapt situations to your advantage, it’s only natural to expect smart populations to exploit less smart populations. In the extreme case this is known as slavery. For example, humans are smarter than animals and thus enslave horses, camels and other beasts of burden.

Thus if HBD is true, we should expect that among humans, high IQ races turn lower IQ races into beasts of burden, and indeed this has been a major theme of history. Caucasoids enslaved blacks, and among blacks, the Bantu enslaved the lower IQ pygmies. Meanwhile among Caucasoids, the high IQ Ashkenazim have arguably enslaved whites to the extent that they have tricked them into fighting Israel’s enemies for them in the Middle East.

There are exceptions though. Whites have higher IQs than Arabs yet Arabs enslaved whites. East Asians have higher IQs than whites, yet whites have never been enslaved by East Asians.

Aside from our enormous brains, it’s our ability to enslave other animals that most shows the supremacy of human intelligence. Thus among humans we should find that on average, big brained races are smarter than small brained races and that slave master races are smarter than slave races.

Of course some slave races are smarter than the very groups who enslaved them (i.e. whites vs their Arab slave masters ), and some smaller brained races are smarter than their bigger brained counterparts (high IQ Ashkenazim vs the big brained white race), however if my race not only enslaved your race, but ALSO has a bigger brain, I guarantee my race is smarter than yours AND that it’s genetic (on average of course).

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Music brings back memories

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One of my greatest musical inspirations is Tori Amos. I was introduced to her by a childhood friend of East Asian ancestry and we saw a concert of hers when were like 10 or 12. At the time I was more interested in Tracy Chapman because I played the guitar but seeing Amos in concert was life changing, and inspired me to play the piano like my East Asian friend.

He suspected, based on her facial features, that Amos might be part East Asian which made us like her even more.

What I didn’t know was that he was gay, though my mother suspected. One night when we were teenagers watching TV in the basement, he wanted to watch porn. I had little interest in porn (still don’t) but I enjoy French cinema and this particular porno was French and tastefully done.

But my fiend kept complaining that the male character (who was black) would not take off his speedo.

“Why are you gay?” I finally asked.

“Maybe,” he replied.

He would never quite admit to being gay, instead saying he was bisexual, because sometimes he wanted soft, and other times he wanted hard. But I never saw any sexual interest in females on his part. He had a white girlfriend in high school but he couldn’t stand her, and instead was obsessed with a white preppy guy who attended our school.

After high school we lost touch completely, but I will always be grateful that he introduced me to Tori Amos. I doubt I would have ever heard of her without him. This is one of her best songs:

One of the most powerful love songs ever recorded

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image found here

To those who have found true love, only to have had it slip away, there’s perhaps no song more powerful than The Promise by Tracy Chapman, about the eternal hope that one day you’ll be reunited with your soulmate.

I sometimes think only black people can produce music this powerful. The rest of humanity lost that ability tens of thousands of years ago, but blacks preserve it because they were the first to branch off the human evolutionary tree, as Rushton noted.

Campbell and Tishkoff (2010) Figure 2. The Recent African Origin model of
modern humans and population substructure in Africa.

So turn off the lights, turn up the volume and let this black woman’s talent take you home to the very soul of our collective humanity that began in Mother Africa.

Although the song seems to be about romantic love, it can also be applied to the love a parent has a child.

Darren Graber on youtube writes:

I’m 44 and I have recently been diagnosed with a stage 2 glioma (brain tumor) and have been told that I have perhaps 1 year left, I think this is the saddest song I’ve ever heard, I love this song so much and want it to be played at my funeral but I worry it will upset my daughter to much, it scares me to think of my daughter on her own and that I won’t be here to comfort and support her and it breaks my heart that I will never see my daughter graduate university or that I won’t be there to walk her down the Isle on her wedding day or meet my grand children, I love you Esmee to the moon and back and am so proud of the beautiful, intelligent and courageous young woman you have become, I know that one day (many many) years from now we will meet again, Esmee those day’s will be truly glorious fore we shall walk hand in hand through the fields of paradise as we listen to a choir of angels having shed the sins and struggles we carried for all those years, god bless you all, please be kind to one another and cherish your loved ones because life is just to short and far to precious to waste on bitterness and hate

Replacement theory

The 20th century has been a period of great social change. Feminism, civil rights, gay rights, affirmative action, mass immigration, rock and roll, hip-hop, the welfare state, transgender people, secularism etc.

At first I thought all these changes were a sign of the Flynn effect. Better nutrition was increasing brain size, thus creating a smarter and thus more open-minded and tolerant society. However the rise in intelligence (and its correlation with social views) is way too small to explain such massive changes, especially since the Flynn effect has more to do with spatial ability than social and moral reasoning.

I then considered the Mug of Pee/Chomsky theory: Elites are focusing on identity politics as a divide and conquer strategy to keep the working class from uniting against the gazillionaires. But that theory failed to explain why this massive social change had occurred primarily in Western late 20th century environments. The rich have been thwarting the working class everywhere and always.

Finally I was forced to consider the alt-right theory that this massive social change is a deliberate attempt to replace whites with non-whites. I’m not normally one to indulge in conspiracy theories, but when a single theory unifies so many disparate facts, Occam’s razor demands we consider it.

When one looks at all the social changes of the last 50 years, what they all seem to have in common is the subversion of white population growth. Feminism gave white women careers, making them much less likely to have white babies. Civil rights, hip-hop, rock ‘n’ roll, and affirmative action increased the sexual market value of black men at the expense of white men, thus decreasing white male fertility.

The rise of gays, transgender people and securlarism gave millions of whites permission to abandon a traditional family lifestyle, thus damaging their genetic fitness.

Meanwhile, the welfare state encouraged poor women (who tend to be non-white) to have more children and mass immigration spread non-white genes into traditionally white countries.

But why would elites want to subvert white population growth? Perhaps because elites were persecuted by whites during Nazi Germany, and thus see them as a threat. Once these survivors of Hitler’s regime migrated to America as poor refugees, they used their high verbal IQs to achieve media and academic power and the wealth to buy politicians. But still lacking the power to challenge white dominance directly, they took the more subtle approach of changing the culture.

Oprah: the early years

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Oprah in Baltimore, before moving to Chicago

The video below, from The Oprah Winfrey show 20th anniversary DVD, paints a rare glimpse of Oprah’s talk show roots. In the mid 80s she was hired to host a local morning low budget talk show in Chicago, that was airing in the same time slot (and right down the street) from the great Phil Donahue, who at the time, was the number one (daytime) talk show in the country.

No one in their wildest dreams thought Oprah would ever beat Donahue. For he was the best in the country and she was black (which was considered really bad in the 1980s), female, and overweight.

“I don’t know another overweight jheri curl person who can say ‘I made it!'” laughs Oprah.

Not only did she make it, but she would go on to become the World’s ONLY black billionaire and the most influential woman on the planet.

Not bad for an overweight jheri curl!

When Oprah first arrived in Chicago she had so little clout she had to bribe strangers on the street to sit in her audience with heat and doughnuts.

My favorite part of the below clip is when she says “We were successful IMMEDIATELY! We were so successful, so quickly, it was STUNNING…”

Autism vs schizophrenia: gray matter vs white matter

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image found here

cnn.com reports:

Your brain consists of two types of tissue, gray matter and white matter. In your first decade of life, the gray matter grows and expands rapidly as many new synapses, or connections between nerves, are being made. The gray matter grows as you learn and are exposed to new experiences as a child.

Then, as your body prepares for puberty, your brain starts to prune back some of that gray matter and amp up its production of white matter, which allows different parts of the brain to share information better and faster, said Dr. Jess Shatkin, a child and adolescent psychiatrist at the Child Study Center at NYU Langone Medical Center….”The brain volume, the total volume, doesn’t really change, but we lose about 1% of gray matter starting around 13 and we gain about 1% of white matter at the same time, and that trade off keeps going,” Shatkin said.

However it seems that in both autism and schizophrenia, this process goes wrong, with autistics ending up with not enough white matter and schizophrenics ending up with not enough gray matter.

Webb MD states:

Researchers say white and gray matter are both necessary for general intelligence, but they perform different functions. Gray matter represents information processing centers in the brain, and white matter represents the network or connections between those processing centers.

The lack of white matter might explain why autistics tend to have narrow interests. If white matter allows different brain parts to share information, which is needed for broad interests, those lacking this may be forced to focus on a single topic.

This may also explain why autistics lack social skills. Reading people requires integrating verbal and non-verbal cues and thus using different parts of the brain at once.

Perhaps this research also reveals why autistics tend to come from high IQ families (or at least higher class ones) or why high people often show a dash of autism. Having a lot of gray matter is linked to high IQ, but if your kid inherits only your gray matter genes without the developmental timing to prune that gray to make room for white matter, he might be severely autitsic.

Meanwhile the high white to gray ratio of schizophrenics may help explain their delusions. Sharing information between unrelated brain parts might lead to a lot of creative theories, but if you lack the gray matter to test these theories with logic, you soon could lose contact with reality.

Research into gray and white matter is further evidence of Crespi and Badcock’s theory that autism is the opposite of schizophrenia.

It also supports Simon Barron Cohen’s extreme male brain theory of autism, in that males tend to have higher gray/white matter ratios than females.

Oprah schooled young woman on the Genius of Toni Morrison

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Sometimes the younger generation of African Americans doesn’t appreciate the Genius of older black icons. They may think these elder icons are overrated.

One young woman attending a taping of The Oprah Winfrey Show had that attitude towards the great Toni Morrison, and Oprah was having none of it. Oprah got in her face like only Oprah can.

Toni Morrison: 1931 to 2019. RIP

How many cerebral neurons did King Kong have?

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My photo-shopped image of Suzana Herculano-Houzel in King Kong’s hand

According to Brazilian neuroscientist Suzana Herculano-Houzel the reason humans are so smart is not because humans have the biggest brains for our body size per se, (highest encephalization quotient) but rather because we have both a big brain and a primate brain. SHH’s theory is that primate brains are especially densely packed with neurons, so even though our brains are small compared to whales and elephants, the primate packing density gives us more cerebral neurons.

Well King Kong has a far bigger brain than humans do, and King Kong is also a primate, so by SHH’s logic, he should be smarter than people. And yet King Kong seemed no smarter than your average gorilla, which makes sense because King Kong’s huge body guarantees it would have a much smaller encephalization quotient than people do.

So while cerebral neuron count might be roughly as accurate as EQ when predicting the intelligence of real life species, it fails when it comes to fiction.

IQ, board games & test construction

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IQ tests are considered valid because they have both construct validity and predictive validity. They have construct validity because a statistical technique called factor analysis proves that all mental tests are influenced by a general factor dubbed g, and that IQ tests load high in g. They have predictive validity because IQ tests better predict important life outcomes like education, income and occupational status than any other single measurable trait.

However IQ skeptics like our very own Race Realist (RR) argue that this validity is just an artifact of test construction. In other words, all IQ tests correlate with g, not because they measure a factor common to all mental abilities, but rather because only tests that are positively correlated are included in test batteries.

Similarly, he’d argue that IQ tests predict success in school and life, not because high IQ people learn faster, make wiser life choices and are more productive, but rather because only test items that good students did well on were included in the tests.

There’s some truth to RR’s view. Tests of general knowledge only became used in IQ tests after WWI testing found them to correlate highly with the total score of other subtests. In addition, David Wechsler would present potential test items to people of “known intelligence” and primarily those items that discriminated well between people with known Binet IQs of different levels were included. A question about a non-Christain religion was included in the general knowledge subtest after Wechsler found it to distinguish those Americans with superior from average IQs.

Given that IQ tests owe at least a small part of their validity to test construction, it’s interesting to ask whether IQ tests would still have the same construct and predictive validity if we remove the selective bias in picking subtests and test items.

What is needed is a random sample of mental abilities, not one pre-selected by psychologists. The closest thing we have to such a sample are board games. Thus, instead of the 10 subtests Wechsler arbitrarily chose for his original scale, we could simply pick the 10 “most popular” board games of all time:

  1. chess
  2. checkers
  3. Backgammon
  4. Scrabble
  5. Monopoly
  6. Clue
  7. Othello
  8. Trivial Pursuit
  9. Pictionary
  10. Risk

An ideal study would be to take 2000 random teenagers with very little experience playing any of these games, and send them to a summer camp where all they did was play these 10 games everyday (though no special strategies would be taught), culminating in a tournament where all 2000 were ranked on each game, and then given an overall ranking that reflected their combined performance across all ten games. This combined ranking would be converted into full-scale IQ, such that the best overall player (out of 2000) would be assigned a full-scale IQ of 150 and the worst would be assigned a full-scale IQ of 50.

If there really is a g factor, we should expect that while some people are great at chess but terrible at Pictionary, in general people who are good or bad at one game would be good or bad at any other.

Further, if g has predictive validity, we should find that 30 years later, those with the highest full-scale IQs would have more education, more prestigious occupations, and higher incomes (even after controlling for family background) than those who performed poorly.

Encephalization Quotient vs cerebral neurons

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Humans are far and away the smartest animal on the planet. We’ve always known this, but we’s struggled with how to prove it.

We don’t have the largest brains. That would be the sperm whale.

Well, then maybe we have the largest brain/body size ratio, scientists must have thought. Wrong again! that honor seems to go to small ants.

Well then maybe we have the largest brain/brain expected for our body size ratio? Bingo! What most distinguishes the human brain from that of all other animals is that it’s 7.6 times larger than statistically expected for a mammal of our size and probably well over 8 times larger than for an animal of our size.

No other creature comes close.

Our huge encephalization quotient allowed humans to conquer the World, accumulating more biomass than any other species except for cattle whose body-mass we’ve deliberately grown as our food supply.

Of course there’s far more to intelligence than just brain size adjusted for body size, but when comparing vastly different species who differ enormously on this metric, it seems to be a strong indicator.

Enter Brazilian neuroscientist Suzana Herculano-Houzel who commenter Race Realist has been blathering on about for years. While she agrees that humans are the smartest animal on the planet, she felt she had a more direct way of measuring it than brain size adjusted for body size. Indeed, she felt we could just ignore body size completely, and simply count the number of neurons in the cerebral cortex, and she came up with a very innovative way of doing so: using detergent to dissolve brains into a homogeneous soup of cell nuclei.

At first this method looked promising. By simply counting the number of cerebral neurons and ignoring body size completely, it seemed Herculano-Houzel had found a simple brain property that ranked humans in first place. In 2017 she wrote:

the human cortex, with an average 16 billion neurons…, has almost three times as many neurons as the twice-larger elephant cerebral cortex, with not even six. The second-largest primate brain, the gorilla, has about nine billion. Even the largest whales don’t have more than three or four billion. Most mammals have less than one billion.

Thus, the human brain has by far the most neurons in the cerebral cortex – that part of the brain responsible for personality, temperament, pattern finding, logic reasoning and planning for the future, making behaviour more than simply reacting to stimuli. That, I believe, is the simplest explanation for our remarkable cognitive abilities.

Herculano-Houzel’s star began to rise. Seeing a Brazilian woman make such a monumental scientific discovery was inspiring. She gave a TED talk and commenter Race Realist began drinking the kool-aid (or should I say brain soup).

However a 2014 study found ” the long-finned pilot whale neocortex has approximately 37.2 × 109 neurons, which is almost twice as many as humans”.

Thus despite Herculano-Houzel’s Herculean efforts, encephalization quotient remains the single best neurological proxy for intelligence at the inter-species level, or at least the only one that puts us humans where we belong: at the top.