By 2010, the average IQ of Saudi Arabia on the Raven Standard Progressive Matrices was 84 (UK norms) however as of 2004, the stunting rate in the Arab world was 9.3%. Using a technique I described in my last post, this suggests Arab IQ is stunted by 4 points and that their genetic IQ is 88.
This seems quite low for the people who first invented agriculture and then invented civilization and then produced the most influential man of all time, the prophet Mohammed. However we must believe that generations of cousin marriage harmed their gene pool because of inbreeding depression which attacks all Darwinian fitness traits, from brain size to height. Mixing with sub-Saharan slaves likely also had an effect.
One sign that Arab IQ has declined is the degree to which they are dominated by Jews, despite their much greater population and natural resources. The 9/11 attacks only played into Zionist hands, by dragging the U.S. into Middle east wars.
My favorite thing about the Arab World is shawarmas (yum!), I just wish you could get one with cheese and mayonnaise added to it 🙂
By the end of the 20th century, Whites, Indians, Coloureds and Blacks in South Africa averaged IQs of 98, 92, 82, and 69 (UK norms) and malnutrition rates of 5.7, 10.9*, 18, and 32 percent respectively (see table 2.13 below):
Malnutrition is defined here as the percentage of the population that is stunted. Stunted is defined as two or more standard deviations (SDs) shorter than comparable healthy populations. In theory only 2% of the healthy reference population should be stunted.
But nutrition is not a discrete variable. In theory there’s a perfect continuum between optimum and suboptimum processing of nutrients and each population has their own bell curve.
So if 32% of South African blacks have sub-optimum nutrition compared to only 2% of well nourished populations, then that tells us that the 32nd percentile (-0.47 SD) on the former’s bell curve equates to the 2nd percentile (- 2 SD) on the latter’s. Assuming roughly equal standard deviations, it suggests South Africa’s black bell curve is shifted 1.53 SD to the left of what was considered optimum at the time.
So the stunted children are just the tip of the iceberg. The average black child in South Africa should be 1.53 SD below his genetic potential in physical growth. What about brain size? Also 1.53 SD below genetic potential? Given the 0.4 correlation between IQ and brain size, this would predict IQ would be 0.4 (1.53 SD) = 0.61 SD below genetic potential. Multiplying by the IQ standard deviation of 15 points, this gives 9 points of impairment caused by malnutrition. Adding this to the IQ 69 of black South Africans gives IQ 78.
I applied the same calculations to all the major groups of South Africa:
It is interesting to compare the estimated black genetic IQ of 78 to the average IQ of 85 for African Americans, a presumably well nourished population judging from the fact that they are virtually indistinguishable from white Americans in height. But genetically African Americans are only 75% sub-Saharan, so adjusting for this, they go from 15 points below IQ 100, to 15/0.75 = 20 points below 100 = IQ 80. In other words, virtually all of the difference between unmixed American and South African blacks vanishes when we adjust for presumably stunted brain size.
Similarly, the IQs of Indians and whites rise to their corresponding levels when reared in the UK (a well nourished country).
*The malnutrition of Indians were estimated from the line of best fit predicting poverty rates in table 2.13 to malnutrition rates in table to 2.13: Malnutrition = 0.65(poverty) – 2.79.
[Update Jan24, 2022: An earlier version of this article incorrectly concluded the students were 13, but with a new chart added to the article, I now conclude they were 14 and adjusted the IQs accordingly]
In their book, The intelligence of Nations, Richard Lynn and David Becker write:
Owen (1992, Table 1) compared intelligence of Coloureds, Indians, Blacks and Whites from South Africa. The four reported samples had mean ages of 15.00y and the administered test was the SPM. Coloureds scored 36.69, which is at the 15.64th GBR-P and equivalent to an uncor. IQ of 84.86, Indians scored 41.99, which is at the 30.50th GBR-P and equivalent to an uncor. IQ of 92.35, Blacks scored 27.65, which is at the 3.96th GBR-P and equivalent to an uncor. IQ of 73.67, and Whites scored 45.27, which is at the 43.75th GBR-P and equivalent to an uncor. IQ of 97.64. 2.73 had to be deducted from all four samples for FE-correction, resulted in cor. IQs of 82.13, 89.62, 70.94 and 94.91.
Here’s the data from the actual study:
For starters, the study never says the students were 15, but maybe they are inferring it from the fact that they are described as Standard 7 pupils.
The same paper was cited by Wicherts et al. (2010) but they listed them as being 16 and mysteriously believe they were tested in 1986 (6 years before publication) giving them a Flynn adjusted IQ of 68.
Reporting on the same study, Rushton and Jensen believe the students were only 12 to 14, writing:
In South Africa, Owen (1992) found that 1,093 African 12-to 14-year-old high school students solved 28 out of 60 problems on the Standard Progressive Matrices, which is around the 10th percentile, or an IQ equivalent of about 80 (Raven, Raven, & Court, 1998, p. 77).
Rushton should know since he grew up in South Africa, and when I asked two other South Africans, one said 12 to 13, and the other said 13 to 14.
However I found a good source which equates to standard 7 to age 14:
Given the South African Whites, Indians, Coloreds, and Blacks scored about 45, 42, 37 and 28 respectively, these equate to the 45th, 29th, 12th and 2nd percentile of age 14 1979 UK norms (Raven 2000; page 39 to 40), equating to IQs of 98, 92, 82, and 69 respectively.
As we can see from the last row in table 3 below, at age 13.5 to 14.5, the median score in 2008 (50th percentile) is equal to the median percentile in 1979 so no Flynn effect adjustment at this age for post-1979 scores.
David Sinclair seems like a really credible source on slowing down the ageing process because (a) he’s a Harvard professor and Harvard has their pick of the litter, and (b) he looks incredibly young for a 52-year-old. Of course some of his youthful appearance might just be genetics since high IQ people tend to be very skinny and neotenous.
One of the reason I like him is he believes in eating only one meal a day which I love because I’d much rather have a big meal while I’m binging on netflix on the couch then have a dozen small snacks that I can’t enjoy because I need to be back at work 10 minutes later. He’s also a huge fan of fasting which I love because it allows you to compensate for overindulging on the weekend which I need to do. He also hates exercise just like me.
He also drinks diet coke! My dad’s always sending me emails about the hazards of diet soda, but I love diet coke because it gets me through my fasting days. I can’t drive a car for any length of time without getting my diet coke fix from the McDonald’s drive through (the best diet coke on Earth, so refreshing with all the ice) but sadly I have to bring my own straw now because they’ve got environmentally friendly with the paper straws.
He also believes plants are healthier than meat. This is reminiscent of Rushton’s r/K theory in that meat build muscles and energy which helps you attract women and leave lots of offspring (r strategy) but plant allows you to live a long life. That’s fine too because I’m loving me Harvey’s veggie burgers and Burger King’s plant based whopper, and I’ve even taken to plant based omelets that you just put in the toaster. This was my breakfast several weeks ago:
Below is a clip from an interview with David Sinclair:
The below passage is from the 1911 book The Jews: A Study of Race and Environment By Maurice Fishberg (hat-tip to blogger n/a):
One of the methods of determining the volume of the brain case, and approximately the weight of the brain, is the determination of the cranial capacity. Very few direct measurements of this kind have been taken, because only few Jewish skulls have found their way into anthropological museums, where they could be studied carefully. But from the few studies of this character that have been made, it appears that the Jews are somewhat at a disadvantage. Lombroso’s studies of the Jews in Turin, Italy, which were made in an indirect fashion, showed that the Jews have a smaller cranial capacity than the Catholics of that city.2 Weinberg collected measurements of seventeen Jewish skulls in various museums of Europe, which were made properly, and are not approximations. The average cranial capacity was 1421 c.cm., which is about thirty to forty c.cm. below the average cranial capacity of the population of Europe. Of course the small number of skulls thus measured is not sufficient to draw positive conclusions.
But the average cranial capacity is nowhere near 40 cc (cubic centimeters) above 1421 (1461 cc) in Europe, and certainly wasn’t in 1911. For example based on Beals, Smith, and Dodd’s (1984), collation of 20,000 skull size measures, Lynn (2006) reported the following crania data for Europeans and other peoples:
One reason for the huge discrepancy might be the method used. For example most of Beals, Smith and Dodd’s data Lynn says he used was obtained by mechanical packing with mustard seed. However they note that historically, the main method was filling the cranium with shot, but this method became obsolete because it yielded results that were 6% too high.
Given that Fishberg’s book was written in 1911, he likely is reporting on shot values which thus need to be reduced by 6%. Doing so reduces the Jewish value to 1341 cc which is indeed below the European mean.
But keep in mind that Ashkenazi Jews are descended from a hybrid population that was about 40% Middle Eastern and 60% mostly European (Atzmon et al, 2010). Given 1369 cc for Europeans and 1293 cc for South Asians & North Africans (SANA), the ancestral population likely averaged (0.6)1293 + (0.4)1369 = 1324 cc so there’s been an increase of perhaps 17 cc.
What was the average IQ of the ancestral population? Richard Lynn put Europeans at 99 and SANAs at 84, but he also put sub-Saharan Africans at an absurdly low 67 but noted that living in the Third World depressed their IQs by 13 points. Most SANA don’t quite live in the Third World, so lets say their IQs are depressed by half that, and raise them to 92 (note: no such adjustment is made for brain size because that data mostly comes from before 1940 when even the First World was malnourished).
Expected IQ of ancestral population: 0.6(92) + 0.4(99) = 55.2 + 36.8 = 95
On a scale where British, American & Australian whites average IQ 100 (SD = 15), today’s Ashkenazi Jews average 110. In other words, their IQ seems to have increased by about 1 standard deviation in the last 700 years, probably because of intense natural selection to earn a living in high IQ occupations (Cochran, Hardy & Harpending, 2006).
Assuming a 0.4 correlation between IQ and brain size (Gignac & Bates, 2017), selection for a 1 SD increase in intelligence should cause about (0.4)(1 SD) = 0.4 SD increase in IQ. Given the within sex standard deviation for cranial capacity is about 91 cc, we should expect the brain size of Ashkenazi Jews to have increased by 0.4(91 cc) = 36 cc
So the actual brain size increase has been about half as much as the actual increase but given these are all very rough numbers, we shouldn’t expect perfect agreement.
The first fully modern human skull appears in sub-Saharan Africa about 195,000 years go. It probably belonged to a population with an average IQ around 80. But it was surrounded by archaic humans with IQs in the 70s or less.
It wasn’t until about 70,000 years ago that the second fully modern human skull appears in the fossil record. It seems fully moderns (IQ 80+) were incredibly rare for our first 125,000 years.
About 70,000 years ago, modern humans began a massive exodus out of Africa. Richard Klein believes a sudden increase in intellect allowed this exodus. I believe this exodus is what caused the sudden increase in intellect, because by leaving the tropics, we had to be smart enough to survive the cold, something we hadn’t done in over 25 million years.
By 40,000 years ago, the first humans had reached the arctic and around the same time, real art first appears in the archeological record. The first populations with a mean IQ in the triple digits had appeared:
Some would stay in Europe and become the Whites. Others would freeze further and become 103 IQ Northeast Asians.
Some would cross over to the New World where they became the Native Americans. This tiny group found two whole fertile continents all to themselves that was teaming with Megafauna that had never before been hunted. These huge beasts were so easy to catch that folks didn’t need their triple digit IQs to survive and since the brain is so metabolically expensive, they began to regress to an IQ of 86. A rare evolutionary reversal.
There’s been virtually no further change in human IQ in the last 10,000 years with the exception of Ashkenazi Jews (and perhaps some casts in India) who rapidly evolved to IQ 110 during the last few millennia.
It’s only a small exaggeration to say our species stopped evolving 40,000 years ago.
And yet look how much the World has changed since then. Because of the cultural leap that occurred 40,000 years ago, humans are the only species with an extended phenotype that constantly reinvents itself, even in the face of genotypic stagnation.
Sen. Joe Manchin is taking heat from all sides as he resists eliminating the last stalwart against the Democratic agenda, the filibuster, including some of the biggest names in America.
Manchin has told colleagues his phone has been lighting up with calls in recent days, including from former presidents Barack Obama and Bill Clinton.
But when both men failed to persuade the stubborn senator, the big Kahuna herself decided to pick up the phone and show the former Presidents how it’s done.
While Oprah is knowing for crying on TV and giving away free stuff to audience members, she did not become the World’s ONLY black billionaire (from 2004 to 2006) and the most influential woman alive, without knowing how to play hardball.
From deep within her $100 million Santa-Barbara mansion she likely yelled “get Joe Manchin on the phone”
When his assistant picked up, she was likely informed he was busy.
“It’s Oprah Winfrey,” she likely said.
“Right away, Mam!” the nervous assistant likely replied.
When Manchin raced to the phone she might have said:
“Fix the filibuster, BITCH! Otherwise you gona be known as dat white bitch!”
The criteria for iq is arbitrary. decisions or what you do with information is extremely important not just how much you have. that is why the brain builds models of things and performed operations on them to get results. iq tests only show superficial results. different people have different operation sets. what we learn influences them.
adapt and turn to your advantage is not iq test measurable. there are so many things to adapt to the tests are limited in scope.
So intelligence is performing operations on a model of something. This is precisely how goals are planned and achieved. But it also means one preference of goals decides if one is high or low based on execution. A hard goal can only be done by a high intelligence person. The number or range of goals achievable, easy and hard is IQ.
IQ 100 Goal: Become famous
Mordecai the blue jay, and Rigby the raccoon
IQ 105 Goal: deliver lunch
Morty and Summer
IQ 110 Goal: finish school
Catra and Adora
IQ 115 Goal: save their friendship
IQ 120 Goal: save new york city
IQ 125 Goal: save earth from the Decepticons
Matt Stone and Trey Parker
IQ 130 Goal: write a popular tv show
IQ 135 Goal: use friendship to save Equestria
IQ 140 Goal: keep her marriage and family together
IQ 145 Goal: run a media empire
IQ 150 Goal: fight the forces of darkness
IQ 155 Goal: population control
IQ 160 Goal: run a planetary delivery system
IQ 165 Goal: prevent a war between humans and mutants
IQ 170 Goal: use math to predict the future of human civilization
IQ 175 Goal: save his daughter with the portal gun
IQ 180 Goal: survive the moon crash
IQ 185 create superintelligence
IQ 190 Goal: solve physics
IQ 195 Goal: rule the universe
Dr. Alexander Hartdegen
IQ 200 Goal: reverse time to prevent the death of his lover
(this list is incomplete and is being updated in real time)
To make this list I looked at all the living people who had ever been Time’s person of the year, person of the decade, person of the century, or included on Time’s list of the 100 most influential people of the year, the century, or all time. Points were allotted as follows:
One of the 100 most influential of the year = 0.01 points
Person of the year: 1 point
Person of the year 1st runner up: 0.5 points
Person of the year 2nd runner up: 0.33 points, etc…
One of the 100 most influential of the century = 1 point
Person of the decade = 10 points
Person of the half-century = 50 points
Person of the century = 100 points
One of the hundred most influential people of all time = 50 points (since recorded history is 5000 years and there are 100 people)
If they shared any of these honors with someone else, the points got divided by the number of people. So for example James Watson got 1 point for being one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century and got 50 points for being one of the 100 most influential people of all time, but since both honors were shared with Francis Crick, his total was 25.5 points making him the most influential living person ever (according to the collective wisdom of the World’s most prestigious magazine).
NUMBER 1: JAMES WATSON 25.5 POINTS
Launching the genetic revolution is the most influential event since the discovery of agriculture; actually more so because it will mark the end of our species. Woke Time magazine would be horrified that they accidentally told the truth in ranking an HBDer so high (by my scoring method, at least).
NUMBER 2: Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev 13 points
Caused the collapse of the Soviet Union, dramatically changing the trajectory of World history.
NUMBER 3 & 4: THE LIVING BEATLES (12.75 points each)
Created the most loved art of all time, and inspired history’s most influential generation to change the World.
Number 5: Donald Trump 3.37 points
Woke Time magazine would be horrified to learn they’ve ranked Donald Trump above the media’s golden boy Barack Obama, especially since Obama was named person of the year twice and Trump only earned that title once. However the partial credits Trump earns from being runner-up so frequently allowed him to overtake his predecessor in cumulative influence. Whether for better or for worse, his impact on the World has been enormous.
Number 6: Barack Obama 2.11 points
Arguably the first black (or near-black) in recorded history to be the most powerful person on Earth. Helped bring dignity, pride, inspiration and status to an entire human race. Helped save America from war with Iran and helped make Israel a partisan issue.
Number 7: George W. Bush2.04 points
Was convinced by the neocons to invade the Middle East, which arguably was the beginning of the end for America’s status as the World’s sole superpower.
Helped Russia regain its status as a major World power and counter to U.S. dominance.
Number 11: Bill Gates 1.36
As an entrepreneur he helped launch the computer revolution & as a philanthropist, he changed the face of global health care.
Number 12: Oprah 1.1 points
Invented a more intimate touchy-feely form of media communication. Popularized a genre of talk shows that discussed taboo topics like addiction, infidelity and gays. By creating a culture of confession, helped lead millions of abuse survivors to recovery. Credited with bringing literature to the masses and helping put a black family in the White House.
Number 13: Angela Merkel 1.08 points
Transformed the face of Germany by welcoming a record number of refugees.
Number 14: Pope Francis 1.06 points
Shook up the church with huge symbolic change. Started a commission to look into the church’s sexual abuse problem.
Number 15: Jeff Bezos 1.05 points
Transformed the way we buy things, making shopping a store obsolete.
Number 16: Mark Zuckerberg1.04 points
Helped lead the revolution from traditional media to social media.
Number 17: Elon Musk 1.04 points
Transformed the World by founding SpaceX in 2002, helping create alternative energy company SolarCity and Tesla, the world’s most valuable car company.
Number 18: Ben Bernanke 1.01 points
Changed U.S. monetary policy and led an effort to rescue the global economy in 2009.
Number 19: Steven Spielberg 1.01 points
Life magazine called him “our Homer and our Hans Christian Anderson,”; films like “E.T.,” “Jurassic Park” and “Schindler’s List.” have shaped the hearts and minds of millions.
Number 20: Robert Allen Zimmerman(Bob Dylan)1.01 points
Created music that inspired the World’s most powerful generation to seek social change.
Number 21: Greta Thunberg 1.01 points
Inspired millions of humans to stand up for the environment.
Number 22: Jimmy Carter 1 point
Had an unusually peaceful presidency that impacted the World.
Number 23: Queen Elizabeth 1 point
Symbolized tradition for several generations in a changing World.
Number 24: David Ho1 point
His scientific research helped millions survive AIDS
Number 25: Newt Gingrich 1 point
Led a conservative revolution, turning both houses of congress Republican in the 1990s for the first time in several decades.
I just watched all seven seasons, plus the unofficial season eight which aired on Netflix nine years after the official show ended. I am now an official Gilmore Girls expert.
The show revolves around Rory Gilmore and her mother Lorelai, two brilliant ultra upper-class beautiful young girls who grew up in the idyllic town of Stars Hollow, Connecticut. Because Lorelai had Rory as a teenager (a huge scandal for the upper class), the two look and behave more like sisters than like mother and daughter.
Because Rory, is too pretty, charming, intelligent and upper-class for Stars Hollow, yet is nonetheless super nice to everyone, the whole town worships her and is super protective when any guy tries to date her. Meanwhile, because her mother screwed up her life by getting pregnant as a teen (by an upper class boy), Rory’s grandparents are especially protective of Rory because they see her as their second chance to raise a daughter right, and make sure she attends Harvard, Princeton, or preferably Yale since that’s where granddad went.
One of the themes of the show is that no one is good enough to date Rory. Even when she gets a boyfriend who the town considers super tall and good looking, the grandparents humiliate him for not being a good enough student for their precious Rory.
It’s interesting that the only girl in Stars Hollow worthy of being friends with this cream of the crop pale skinned, delicate boned, blue eyed white girl is a second generation Korean immigrant named Lane Kim, (virtually the only non-white in the whole town) thus fitting Rushton’s theory that Orientals are genetically superior.
Lane eventually rebels from her strict religious mother and joins a rock band, while Rory heads off to Yale to become the super star journalist she’s destined to be.
The show has only one black character, Michelle, a stereotypical French gay man with a thick accent, who was supposed to escort Lorelai to Lane’s wedding, but blows her off to attend a Celine Dion concert. .
Michelle’s charming misanthropy and refusal to obey his boss Lorelai is reminiscent of the black butler Benson on 1970s sit-com Soap. Although he is flaming, it was still apparently too edgy to have a character who was both black and gay by the early 2000s so the show kept his sexuality unconfirmed until the unofficial season 8 in 2016.
One interesting thing about the unofficial season 8, which is set 10 years after the official series ended, is we discover Rory didn’t exactly live up to all that early promise. This fits with regression to the mean. Perfect and super brilliant kids tend to slide towards mediocrity in adulthood.