[UPDATE DEC 16/2015: A REVISED VERSION OF THE BELOW CHART CAN BE FOUND HERE. PLEASE USE THE REVISED VERSION]
|sat score (verbal and math combined)||pre-april 1995 iq equivalent (u.s. norms)||pre-april 1995 iq equivalent (u.s. white norms)||post-april 1995 iq equivalent (u.s. norms)||post-april 1995 iq equivalent (u.s white norms)|
|425||71||68 (educable mild mental retardation)||68||64|
|475||77||74||72||68 (educable mild mental retardation)|
|525||82||79 (borderline mental retardation)||75||71|
|625||90||87 (dull)||82||78 (borderline mental retardation)|
|775||100||98 (average)||92||89 (dull)|
|1125||123||122 (very bright)||116||113|
|1225||131||130 (extremely bright)||123||121 (very bright)|
|1375||140||139||133||131 (extremely bright)|
|1525||155||155 (very brilliant)||143||141 (brilliant)|
|1575||165||165 (extremely brilliant)||147||146|
|perfect 1600||171||171 (mega level)||148||147|
The above table contains columns which show IQ equivalent expressed on a scale where the mean and standard deviation of the overall U.S. population is set at 100 and 15 respectively (U.S. norms) and on a scale where the overall U.S. white population is set at 100 and 15 respectively (U.S. white norms).
To determine the U.S. norms IQ equivalent for post-April 1995 SAT scores, I used this formula which I created.
To determine the U.S. norms IQ equivalent for pre-April 1995 SAT scores above 789, I was able to get approximate numbers using WAIS IQ equivalents in a chart in section 8.3.3 of the Prometheus Society Membership Committee report.
To determine U.S. norms IQ equivalents for pre-April 1995 SAT scores below 790, I converted scores on the original scale to scores on the recentered scale, and then converted to IQ using the post-April 1995 formula I created.
To convert U.S. norms IQ equivalents to U.S. white norms IQ equivalents, I assumed that before April 1995, on a scale where all Americans averaged 100 (SD = 15), white Americans averaged 102 (SD = 14.5). After, April 1995, I assumed (citing data from Charles Murray’s book Coming Apart) that on a scale where all Americans average 100 (SD = 15), white Americans average 103 (SD = 14.5).
Using this data, I converted U.S. norms IQ equivalents into Z scores with respect to the U.S. white distribution of their time, and then multiplied said Z scores by 15 and added 100, to get the U.S. white norms IQ equivalents.
Because IQ is scored on a bell curve, and whites generally score higher than most minorities on standardized tests, the more non-white America becomes, the further above 100 the white IQ goes. To avoid this statistical artifact, it’s best to use U.S. white norms which keep the mean and standard deviation of white Americans at 100 and 15 respectively, while the mean and SD of America as a whole is allowed to vary. See here for more details.
Lastly, the above chart is not intended to predict your score on an official IQ test based on your SAT score. Instead, it is simply your SAT score expressed on the same scale as IQ. The correlation between SAT scores and official IQ tests is far from perfect, so people with high SAT scores often regress to the mean on official IQ tests, and vice versa. To see just how acute the effects of regression can be, see the IQs of Harvard students.